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Linux Server vs. Windows Server: Difference You Should Know

Linux Server vs. Windows Server: Difference You Should Know

When it comes to choosing a server, it is important to consider which operating system it is running.It is  a critical situation for developers to decide between a Linux server and a Windows server. We hope this article will help you compare the two widely used solutions and decide which option is best for you.

Overview Of Linux Server

Linux server is based on the open-source Linux operating system. It is a popular choice for developers due to its low cost, strong community support, and open-source code features. Many distributions such as Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS and others are built around Linux Kernel. Each offers a stable, secure, and flexible operating system. Due to these features, Linux servers are widely used for web services, network and system administration, database management, and other critical application requirements.

Although it provides distribution versions with a GUI(Graphical User Interface), Linux is mainly operated through a command line. Hence, it requires some knowledge about running operations through a terminal and it offers excellent flexibility when interacting with the server. Additionally, it allows modifying configuration without rebooting the system.

Linux Server has no licensing fee and Using open-source software is cost-efficient but has the disadvantage of lacking official support. If you run into an issue, you will have to rely on the community of Linux users. While this popular OS solution has a large group of community supporters who are highly involved.

Running a Linux server lets you use and integrate other open-source software. Although running Windows applications on Linux is possible, it requires additional software or even a VM machine. Linux servers support MySQL, PostgreSQL databases and Unix programming languages such as PHP, Perl, Python. So, if you are planning on utilizing these tools, Linux is the preferred option.

Overview Of Windows Server

Windows Server is a server powered by the Windows OS and created by Microsoft. They represent a popular beginner-friendly solution that is robust, reliable with low-maintenance.

Unlike Linux servers, Windows requires a license per user to use its services. 

Most beginners opt for Microsoft Windows servers because of their user-friendly interface. Each server offers a complete GUI desktop experience that is very intuitive and polished. Additionally, windows includes easy and optional automated system updates and the opportunity to solve technical issues through system recovery. Therefore, admins with less experience or time for maintenance find this functionality very useful.

Linux Server vs. Windows Server: Differences

1. Linux Server vs. Windows Server: Performance

While choosing a server, it’s essential to make an informed decision based on performance, functionality. Slow response can frustrate customers and affect business operations.

Linux Server 

It has faster response times, particularly with databases and high-traffic websites. Uses fewer resources, allowing for more tasks to be run simultaneously. This efficiency often results in cost savings in hardware.

Windows Server

While efficient, its response times can sometimes lag, especially under heavy loads. when it comes to resource utilization generally it requires more resources, which can lead to higher operational costs.

2. Linux Server vs. Windows Server: Security

Linux Server

Linux uses a high quality security framework. It works on authentication, authorization, and encryption. Authentication ensures that access to the server only lies with valid users. Authorization determines the directions for controlling access, which allows the users to know actions need to be performed. And finally, in the comparison of Linux server vs.. Windows server performance, encryption adds another point. It allows users to hide their sensitive data from hackers.

Windows Server

It has robust security features. Windows servers do not work on the authentication, authorization, and encryption security frameworks. Instead, they work on a prevention, detection, and response framework. Prevention is about the approach built to protect against them. Detection involves installing all the tools to prevent and catch unwelcome intruders and Response is the action against the overall protection of the hosted website or application.

3. Linux Server vs. Windows Server: Prominent Features

Linux Server

As it is an open-source server that can support many users. It can manage several tasks and instances simultaneously. Linux is highly portable and has maintained-level versions from the end-user community.

Windows Server

Windows is easy to set up and has a user-friendly infrastructure. These are highly configured for entertainment and gaming purposes. With an extensive and growing community, Windows servers provide comprehensive and ongoing customer support.

4. Linux Server vs. Windows Server: Technical Expertise

Linux Server

Because Linux works on a command-line interface, the user must have knowledge of the operations, codes, and commands that can ensure the smooth functioning of the Linux server compared to Windows servers.

Windows server

The Windows Server environment is user-friendly and can be managed easily with minimal technical knowledge. Windows GUI and Microsoft tools make it more accessible to beginners as well.

5. Linux Server vs. Windows Server: Customization Features

Linux Server

Linus has limitless customization features due to its open-source network. Users can easily change the features, and improve, add, or delete the customized features accordion to their needs. It also allows users to build the required features from scratch.

Windows Server

Windows has fewer customizable features than Linux and does not allow users to add specific customizable tools. Users can change the existing features; however, they cannot create their own feature from scratch.

6. Linux Server vs. Windows Server: Architecture

Linux Server

Linux server works on the monolithic kernel phase, and the large kernel handles core operating system functions, device drivers, and core services. To allow flexibility, it has access to additional modules that can be loaded or unloaded.

Windows Server

Windows servers work in the hybrid kernel phase, where various kernels combine aspects of monolithic and microkernel. It separates core operating system functions from hardware abstraction layers (HAL) and executive services.

7. Linux Server vs. Windows Server: Compatibility

Linux Server

It is highly compatible with web servers (Apache, Nginx), databases (MySQL, PostgreSQL), programming languages (Python, PHP, Perl), and more.

Windows Server

It is best compatible with native Windows softwares like Microsoft Office,.NET applications, and various business tools.

Which one to choose: Linux Server vs. Windows Server

While choosing between a server operating system, consider the criteria like:

Utilities: Since Linux operates on the command line, it supports MySQL and PHP. Therefore, installing WordPress on a Linux server would be a wise choice as you can get easy access to Apache, HTTP, NodeJS environments, Java Scripts, Perl, Python, and other site creation tools.

Price: Price is always one of the factors which affect our choice. From a cost point of view, Linux is undoubtedly the best option since it is open-source software that doesn’t incur a heavy licensing fee. You need to pay only for the installation and maintenance.

User Experience: Linux server operating system requires an administrator who would have prompt skill in command lines. If you are not an expert in managing and allocating the resources through the command line, it is better to pay for the licensing fee of Windows. Windows can be used even by an administrator who is using it for the first time.

Conclusion

In this article, We have compared Linux server and Windows server from various perspectives. One of the biggest differences between a Linux server and Windows Server is the cost and distribution rights. Linux’s server distributions are free or low-cost to use while people have to buy a version of Windows Server to use it. One server may not always be absolutely better than the other because they both offer solutions depending on business’ expertise and organization’s needs

If you have further questions about Linux server and Windows server. Feel free to reach us. Supportfly is the best server management company here to simplify your server support experience. Whether you need assistance with server setup, maintenance, security, or performance optimization, our expert team has got you covered. We are available here to assist you 24/7. 

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