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Diagnose And Start Treatment Of Pilonidal Disease

Diagnose And Start Treatment Of Pilonidal Disease

Have you found any round tissue sacs filled with fluid and air? It refers to pilonidal cysts found in the buttock’s crease. Most commonly, skin infection leads to this condition, and you may feel pain at the spot. For some people, pilonidal cyst is an acute issue, but most patients experience chronic cysts. It means they have a risk of recurring problems even after undergoing surgery. Let us talk about pilonidal disease, symptoms and treatment options.

Diagnosis of pilonidal cysts

If you consult a certified doctor to diagnose pilonidal cyst symptoms, he conducts a full physical test. During this physical exam, the specialist will check your buttock’s crease to identify the symptoms of a pilonidal cyst. The cyst can easily be detectable to the naked eye. The doctor will try to look for symptoms like oozing cysts or pimples. 

  • Does the cyst drain the fluid?
  • Does the pilonidal cyst show any symptoms?
  • Does the cyst look different?

A certified doctor orders an MRI or CT to check if there are sinus cavities developed under the skin surface. If you do not treat the pilonidal cyst at the right time, it will cause further complications. You will feel extreme pain when you sit in a place. So, look for the best pilonidal cyst expert and start the most effective treatment.

Various ways to treat pilonidal disease

1. Traditional treatments

Early diagnosis of pilonidal cysts ensures faster recovery of the condition. In some cases, patients do not find inflammation signs or feel severe pain. The doctor will prescribe the antibiotic based on the condition. 

It is to be noted that the antibiotic will not cure your sinus tract. It will only provide relief from discomfort and infection. The physician will ask you to schedule a follow-up appointment. He will also instruct you on shaving the part or removing the hair.

2. Lancing

Some Pilonidal disease treatment providers consider lancing to relieve the symptoms. They will remove the pus inside your pilonidal sinus. You will be under local anesthetics during this treatment. The experts use scalpels to open the abscess. Hair and debris are also removed from the abscess. The specialist will use sterile dressing for packing the wound, which heals within a short period. Most patients do not need further treatment. 

3. Phenol injection

It is another type of pilonidal cyst treatment, which involves applying local anesthetics. The expert will inject a chemical compound (phenol) as an antiseptic. He needs to repeat the process multiple times. The lesion will become hardened due to this treatment.

But, the recurrence rate is high with this treatment. That is why most experts turn to innovative pilonidal sinus surgery.

4. Surgery

For some patients, pilonidal sinus infection is a recurring issue. Moreover, if there is a risk of multiple sinus tracts, surgery is the only solution. The surgeon will first provide you with local anesthetic and then open lesions to remove debris and pus. At the end of the surgical process, the surgeon closes the wounds with stitches. 

After this surgical treatment, the surgeon will guide you to change the old dressings. Furthermore, shaving the site regularly will prevent hair growth.

Does every patient need pilonidal cyst surgery?

If the pilonidal cyst symptom becomes worse and creates a sinus cavity, it makes the condition serious. The excision process helps in removing the cyst. Later, the surgeon keeps the wound open and packs it with gauze. He may also close the wound using the skin flap or sutures. However, it is essential to maintain the hygiene of the wound. The duration of keeping the wound covered is different for every patient. You will also learn about the potential symptoms of infection. 

Can pilonidal diseases cause life risks?

Pilonidal sinus symptoms do not cause any fatal condition. But, if you leave this condition untreated, it can cause long-term health problems.

For instance, the same area may have cysts several times, and it leads to a chronic condition. In some cases, infection can affect different parts of your body, and it will make the condition fatal to you. If your pilonidal expert has identified the disease, he will obtain pus samples. He will then test the sample in the lab to determine if the condition is cancerous.

So, you must not choose any home treatment if you have noticed any Pilonidal disease symptoms. 

Are pilonidal cyst symptoms hereditary and contagious? 

Some researchers claimed that pilonidal cysts can be a hereditary condition. If your family member experienced this cyst, you have a higher risk of suffering from this symptom. But, the disease is not contagious. So, the symptoms will not spread to other family members.

But, you must be aware of the risk factors related to pilonidal cysts. For instance, overweight people or people with inactive lifestyles have a higher risk of pilonidal disorder. Moreover, if your body has thick, stiff hair, you must check for any pilonidal symptoms. 

Find the best surgeon to treat pilonidal surgeon

If you want to diagnose and treat pilonidal disease, you should contact a pilonidal expert. The best surgeon will check the symptoms and decide on the best treatment. 


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